In Africa we find a total of 54 countries. Each of them has its own flag, which is related to the history of the territory. In this article, you will find the flags of each State arranged in alphabetical order, as well as the capital of each one.


The Republic of Angola is located in southern Africa and its capital is Luanda. The colors of its flag represent Africa (black) and the blood shed for independence (red).

As for the central symbol, the gear refers to the industrial workers, the machete to the peasants and the star to the solidarity internationally.


In the north we find Algeria, whose capital is Algiers. This country has about 40.400.000 inhabitants. The white of the flag refers to purity and the green and the crescent to Islam.


The capital of the Republic of Benin is Porto Novo. The green of its flag represents hope, yellow abundance and red bravery. It was re-implanted in 1990 after the fall of the communist regime.


The flag of Botswana is one of the few on the continent that has not used the colors of the Pan-Africanism nor of any political party. The capital of the country is Gaborone.

Pan-Africanism is a movement that seeks the union of all the peoples of Africa and the defense of their rights.

Burkina Faso

In Burkina Faso, the capital is Ouagadougou and the official language is French, although more languages ​​are spoken. The colors used in its flag are those of Pan-Africanism.


Burundi is a small country whose capital is Bujumbura. On its flag, the stars represent the three ethnic groups majority of the country: hutus, twas and Tutsi.

Cape Verde

Cape Verde comprises a group of islands in the Atlantic Ocean and its capital is Praia. The stars of the flag refer to the ten major islands of this State and the blue to the ocean and the sky.


The capital of Cameroon is Yaoundé. This country has more than 22.500.000 inhabitants and has had this flag since 1975. The yellow color was chosen by the sun and the savannah, green for the jungles and red for unity.


Chad is a country located in central Africa and whose capital is N'Djamena. Its flag is a combination of the flag of France, a former colonizer, and the colors of Pan-Africanism.


The capital of Union of the Comoros, a group of islands in the Indian Ocean, is Moroni. Stars and colored stripes refer to all four I who form it.


In the Republic of Congo, whose capital is Brazzaville, the official languages ​​are French, kikongo and lingala. The red of its flag symbolizes the fight for freedom, the green nature and the yellow the wealth of nature.

Ivory Coast

Yamoussoukro is the capital of the Ivory Coast, a country of about 23 million inhabitants. Its flag is inspired by that of France, although its colors are related to the natural resources and the philosophy of this territory.


The capital Egypt, a country located to the north, is Cairo. In the center of its flag we can find the official shield of this State, which is formed by a golden eagle whose name is Saladin's Eagle.


In Eritrea, with its capital in Asmara, there are about 4,7 million people. They have the flag of the image since 1995, which belonged to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Eritrea, the movement that fought for the independence of the country.


Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and its capital is Addis Ababa. In the center of its flag we find the country's coat of arms. In it, the five-pointed star reflects the footing between men and women.


Gabon, or as its official name is, the Gabonese Republic, has Libreville as its capital. The green color of its flag represents the flora, the yellow the sunlight and the blue the Atlantic Ocean.


Although the largest city in The Gambia is Serekunda, the capital is Banjul. The colors of its flag refer to the following: red to the savannah, blue to the Gambia River and green to the forest.


The capital of Ghana is located in Accra. This country, in the past, was known as Gold Coast due to the presence of this element. On its flag, the black star is identified with the africa freedom.


Guinea, formerly known as French Guinea, has its capital in Conakry. More than 9.400.000 people live in this country. On its flag, each color represents a word from the hymn, red is Work, the yellow Justice and the green Solidarity.


Bissau is the capital of Guinea-Bissau, a state with less than one and a half million inhabitants. In 1973 they adopted the following flag, which is based on that of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC).

Equatorial Guinea

Although the capital of Equatorial Guinea is Malabo, the most populated city is Bata. In the center of the flag of this small country we can see its shield, whose main element is the silk cotton tree.


Kenya, with its capital Nairobi, is located in the eastern part of the continent. This flag is the official flag of the country since 1963. Its shield symbolizes the defense of freedom.


Lesotho, whose capital is Maseru, is a state that is located within another country, South Africa. In the center of its flag we can see the traditional hat, Mokorotlo, which corresponds to the ethnic group Basotho.


The flag of Liberia is similar to that of the United States, but we find eleven stripes and not thirteen. This is because the country was formed with former slaves from the United States. Its capital is Monrovia.


The capital of Libya, located in North Africa, is Tripoli. This country has a population of about 5,7 million people. The stripes on the flag symbolize the provinces of the State: Tripolitania, Cirenaica and Fezán.


Madagascar is an island that is located to the east of the continent, in the Indian Ocean, and whose capital is Antananarivo. The red and white colors of its flag are those belonging to the Kingdom of Merina, the state that existed before the territory became a French colony.


Malawi is a landlocked country with Lilongwe as its capital. Formerly, this state was called Nyasaland. The rising sun of the flag represents the dawn of the esperanza and freedom for Africa.


The capital of Mali is Bamako. This area approved its current flag in 1961. In it, green represents hope and meadows, yellow the mineral resources and red the blood shed by the country.


In North Africa we find Morocco, with its capital in Rabat. On its flag, the background is red, the color of the descendants of Muhammad, and the five-pointed star is the Seal of Solomon.


Mauritius is a group of islands in the Indian Ocean whose capital is Port Louis. The meaning of each color of its flag is as follows: red is the blood shed in the struggle for independence, blue the Indian Ocean, yellow the light of independence and green vegetation.


In the northwest is Mauritania, which proclaimed Naukchot as the country's capital. The yellow of its flag represents the Sahara desert, while the moon and the star are symbols of Islam.


Maputo is the capital of Mozambique, located in southeastern Africa. Its flag is the only one in the world in which we can see represented a modern rifle, specifically the AK-7 model.


Namibia was known until 1960 as South west africa. Its capital is Windhoek. The blue, red and green colors of its flag are the most important for the majority people in the area, the ovambo.


Niger is a country that has no coastline and whose capital is Niamey. In its flag we can see three different elements: the orange band, which represents the Sahara, the green, which is hope, the white is purity and the circle refers to the Salt.


The capital of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, located on the Gulf of Guinea, is Abuja. To decide the official flag, in 1959 they organized a contest in which 2.870 different projects were submitted.

Central African Republic

In the Central African Republic, whose capital is Bangui, we find one of the most colorful of the continent. This is because in it we find the colors of both the flag of France and those that represent pan-Africanism.

Democratic Republic of Congo

Although their name is quite similar, the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are different countries. The capital of the latter is Kinasa and its flag has been in force since 2006.


In Central Africa we find Rwanda, whose capital is Kigali. In its flag, yellow represents economic growth, green represents prosperity and blue represents optimism.

Sao Tome and Principe

This group of islands, with capital in São Tomé, is located in the Gulf of Guinea. The two stars on its flag represent unity with the rest of the countries of the continent.


Senegal is a country with more than 12,5 million inhabitants and its capital is Dakar. The flag in the image is the official flag since 1960 and the Pan-African colors have been used.


The Seychelles are a group of 115 islands whose capital is Victoria. Its original flag wants to represent that it is a country that is in constant movement towards the future.

Sierra Leona

The capital of Sierra Leone is Freetown. This State has a total of 6.270.000 inhabitants. In its flag, green symbolizes natural resources, blue the sea and white unity and justice.


The Federal Republic of Somalia is located in the Horn of Africa and its capital is Mogadishu. Its flag is the same color as that of the United Nations as thanks for the help received during its independence from Italy.


Swaziland is a state located in the south that has around one million inhabitants. In the center of the flag we find a shield and two spears, which symbolize defense against the enemy. This country has two capitals: Mbabane and Lobamba.

South Africa

The capital of South Africa, a country with a population of almost 53 million, is Cape Town. Its flag was approved in 1994, after the apartheid. Officially, the colors have no particular meaning.

El apartheid it was a system of separation between white and black people, who had fewer rights.


Sudan, also known as North sudan, is located in the northeast of the continent. This country set its capital in Khartoum and has more than 34 million inhabitants. Its flag has been in force since 1970.

South Sudan

The capital of South Sudan is Juba. Its flag is of recent creation, as it has been official since 2005. In it we see the star of Bethlehem, which symbolizes the union of the entire territory.


Dodoma is the capital of Tanzania. On the flag, the color green refers to agriculture, blue to the Indian Ocean, yellow to mining wealth and black to the population.


The capital of the Togolese Republic is Lomé. Its flag was fixed in 1960, after independence from France. The colors are those of Pan-Africanism, although their distribution is similar to that of the Liberian banner.


The capital Tunisia receives the same name as the country, which is the smallest in the Maghreb. On its flag we find the moon and star typical of Islam and the Ottoman Empire.

The Maghreb is the northern part of the African continent and includes the territories of Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania and Libya.


Uganda has a population of around 34,6 million people. A crested crane is represented on its flag, a symbol chosen during British rule to represent the country. Its capital is Kampala.


Djibouti is the name of this country and at the same time its capital. This small state is located in the Horn of Africa and has less than a million inhabitants. Its flag has been in force since 1977.


On the flag of Zambia, with its capital Lusaka, a Eagle, which reflects the ability of people to overcome the problems of the country.


When it was a British colony, Zimbabwe was called South Rhodesia. On its flag is the Zimbabwe Bird, the national symbol, which represents a sculpture that was found in some ruins. The capital of the country is Harare.

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