The Dominican Republic is a developing country located in the Caribbean Sea, on an island that it shares with Haiti. Poverty is one of the biggest problems in this territory. Therefore, in this article we talk about the situation of Dominican society and the deprivation index that exists in the State.

Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.

Article Index

Poverty in the Dominican Republic

General situation

Around 10,8 million people live in the Dominican Republic. In general terms, the country's situation has improved in recent years. However, serious problems remain.

According to data from the Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development of 2016, 30,5% of the population is under the poverty line, which is about 3 million people. As for extreme poverty, approximately 680.000 people suffer.

Unfortunately, these percentages are not extremely alarming compared to the rest of Latin American countries, since millions of people live in the same conditions of hunger and marginalization.

After the financial crisis that occurred between 2002 and 2004, which hit the country and increased the level of deprivation, the economy has been growing by 5,4% annually. This depends on tourism, foreign investment and the export of goods. It is one of the Latin American countries that is experiencing the greatest development.

Without forgetting the high level of poverty, the improvement in the economic situation has allowed the reduction of infant mortality, the increase in life expectancy and greater access to education and basic services.


Despite the fact that in recent years, the economy of the Dominican Republic has been growing, in the country we find a marked inequality, since a greater distribution of wealth is needed.

In addition, social spending is quite low, a fact that can be seen in aspects such as the quality of health and the lack of basic means for part of the population such as drinking water or electricity.

Although the employment rate has increased, most of the work is of poor quality. In addition, it is concentrated in the Santo Domingo area, the capital, which results in rural poverty. Likewise, there is great labor inequality with respect to women, who barely access employment.

On the other hand, the incorrect government administration has led young people to dedicate themselves to work and put aside studying. For this reason, one in three young people between 18 and 25 years old do not finish primary school and a third of those who finish do not finish secondary school, although the situation is improving.

Despite the fact that in the country we find a stable democratic system, in this we observe some mistakes, such as there being too much influence between the executive, legislative and judicial branches.

Possible solutions

According to reports from the World Bank Group, the Dominican Republic needs greater inclusion of women in the labor market, in addition to a better relationship between foreign investment and investment. local economy.

Likewise, to reduce poverty, greater investment in public spending is necessary and the country's strength must be increased in the face of natural disasters and climate change. In relation to this, the administration of natural resources should be improved.

On the other hand, the UNDP (United Nations Development Program) is of the opinion that, in addition to influencing the improvement of certain economic aspects, the social part must also be taken into account and human rights must be respected and achieve greater inclusion of women in the world of work.

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