Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, whose full secular name is Elizabeth alexandra mary, was born on April 21, 1926 (88 years old) in Mayfair, London, UK. In this article we inform you about the life of Queen Elizabeth II since its inception, her coronation, as well as the British royal family today.
Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.
She is at the same time monarch, main political figure and head of state of the Kingdoms of the Commonwealth of Nations (Commonwealth of nations in English).
The Commonwealth is made up of sixteen sovereign states that we list in alphabetical order below:
- Antigua and Barbuda
- Solomon Islands
- Papua New Guinea
- United Kingdom
- Saint Kitts and Nevis
- San Vicente y las Grenadines
- Saint Lucia and Tuvalu
As monarch of the United Kingdom he also assumes the role of Supreme Governor of the Church of England and its political role encompasses a large number of functions.
Among them, the most important is the implementation of significant constitutional measures and acting as the representative figure of national unity of British citizens to the rest of the world.
Beginnings and coronation
Daughter of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth (known as the Queen mother), when her father ascended the throne in 1936 after his brother Edward VIII abdicated, Elizabeth Alexandra Mary began as early as the Segunda Guerra Mundial to carry out public functions in the female branch of the Auxiliary Territorial Service of the British Army.
After the death of her father in 1952, Isabel became the supreme head of the Commonwealth of Nations and queen of the seven independent countries that comprise it: Australia, Canada, Ceylon, NZ, Pakistan, UK and South Africa.
Thus, the June 2th, 1953, when he was 25 years old, it took place in Westminster Abbey (London) holding your coronation, which was the first in the history of British royalty to be broadcast on television.
Diamond Reign and Jubilee
Already from the beginning of her reign and after the Second World War, Elizabeth II of England witnessed how the power of the crown in the politics of the United Kingdom was reduced to a merely symbolic role.
However, his reign has always been marked by a continuous tendency to try to maintain the unifying character of the Crown in the political sphere and by the progressive transformation of the British Empire in the Commonwealth of Nations.
This he has achieved thanks to his numerous trips around the world in order to strengthen ties with subjects of other races, cultures, religions, etc., something that had not been seen before in any British monarch. In 1991 after the Gulf War, he became the first British monarch to address a parliamentary session in the United States Congress.
On June 3, 2012, the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II, in which her 60 years of reign since his coronation took place in 1953.
In the history of British royalty, only one other Diamond Jubilee had been celebrated: that of Queen Victoria in 1897. Despite the fact that during her Silver and Gold Jubilees the Queen did travel to the different member countries of the Commonwealth of Nations, this time did not leave the United Kingdom.
It was a massive event in which the streets of London and the United Kingdom in general were decorated with flags of Great Britain and the member countries of the Commonwealth of Nations, as well as many British citizens celebrated it in style.
The Queen met her future husband, the prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, in 1934, when his official name was Lieutenant Felipe Mountbatten.
It was not until November 1947 when they were married and this became Duke of edinburgh and received the treatment of His Royal Highness (His Royal Highness in English). As a result of this marriage, their first child was born, Prince Charles, in 1948. Later they had three more children: Ana, Andrés and Eduardo, in chronological order.
As the eldest son, Prince Charles of Wales and Duke of Cornwall is the heir to the throne of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth of Nations. Since she contracted her first marriage to the deceased Diana Spencer In 1980, the life of Prince Charles has always been in the spotlight of the British press and around the world.
The couple had two children, the Prince Guillermo (1982), Duke of Cambridge, and the youngest, the Prince henry Wales (1984). Throughout the 80s, the marriage between Prince Charles and Princess Diana deteriorated and their estrangement was already more than evident in the 1990s. In 2005, he married Camilla Parker-Bowles for the second time.
Princess Diana of Wales, known as Lady Di, died in a controversial traffic accident in Paris on August 31, 1997.
The popularity that she had already garnered during the 80s due to her participation in numerous humanitarian causes added to the controversy that was created around her death, have made Princess Diana such a representative figure of the British crown that even her life was taken recently to the big screen with the movie Diana
El Prince Guillermo, Duke of Cambridge, married Kate Middleton in 2011, who acquired the title of Duchess of Cambridge. As a result of this marriage, the great-grandson of Queen Elizabeth II, the Prince George of Cambridge, and in 2015 her second child will be born.
The Royal Monogram, Royal cypher in English, it is used to identify the sovereign of the United Kingdom, in this case, Queen Elizabeth II, whose monogram is I I R.
The monogram contains the first initial E by Elizabeth (Queen's name in English) and the second initial R, which represents the term derived from Latin regina, Meaning Queen. The Royal Monogram appears printed on royal and state documents, and is also used in different departments of the British Government.
Her intense work to maintain the unification of the United Kingdom, as well as her management of the transition from an imperial system to a free association of nations, has led Queen Elizabeth II to reap the great influence she possesses today.
Its appreciation is largely manifested by its appearance in the coins and bills of the currency of many countries of the Commonwealth, such as Australia, Canada, New Zealand and, especially, the United Kingdom, among others.
Also the stamps and stamps of the United Kingdom show the effigy of the Queen, as well as the vast majority of souvenirs for tourists who visit any city in the United Kingdom.
Top photo by UK in Italy.
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