Oaxaca is a state of Mexico whose cultural diversity is reflected in its typical costumes. In this article, we give you information about the traditional clothing for men and women of each region of Oaxaca and we show you images of it.

Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.

Article Index

The typical costumes of Oaxaca, Mexico

Isthmus

The Zapotec They are an indigenous ethnic group from the isthmus of Tehuantepec whose women have their own representative costume: that of Tehuana. To wear daily, they generally wear a long skirt called rabona. One of the towns where it can be found is Juchitán de Zaragoza.




On the other hand, they have the evening dress, used in the main festivities of the population. This is formed by a huipil or hand-embroidered shirt, and a long skirt with colorful flowers and a Hello or ruffle at the bottom. A headdress is placed on the head and large golden jewels are also placed.

Other indigenous group is that of the mixes. The women of this town wear a wide black or white skirt, as well as a huipil white and a large handkerchief or rebozo. As for the men, they wear pants or shorts with a white blanket, a camisole and a black wool hat.

Papaloapan

In Loma Bonita, the typical costume for women consists of a crocheted blouse, a black skirt with flowers, a petticoat and high-heeled shoes. On the head they wear a collection with white gardenias.

In the Tuxtepec area, there are several types of huipiles, which are used depending on the occasion. These are the different varieties:

  • Luto
  • Half mourning
  • Diary
  • Wedding
  • Half gala
  • Gala

El huipil is decorated with drawings of birds and flowers that can be found in the territory. When they represent the dance Pineapple flower, a traditional dance of the area, they carry a pineapple on their shoulders.

Canada

In Huatla de Jiménez, traditional female clothing consists of a huipil white cotton embroidered with cross stitch. The drawings are generally of birds and flowers. In addition, the blouse also has pink and blue ribbons. The lower part consists of a skirt. To dance, they comb their hair with two braids.

The men wear a white shirt and trousers, and a hat on their heads. In the following video you can see this outfit:




Central Valleys

In the Central Valleys, as in other regions, the characteristic element of men's clothing is the white blanket shorts. It is here, specifically in Oaxaca de Juárez, where it is organized the Guelaguetza, a celebration in honor of the Virgen del Carmen in which Mexicans from all regions of Oaxaca wear their typical costumes.

Sierra Norte

In San Melchor Betaza, to dance the call Betaza Sones, women wear a huipil and a long white skirt with a red sash at the waist. In addition, they wear a medal around their neck. The men wear all white and with a black hat.

Sierra Sur

In the town of Miahuatlán de Porfirio Díaz, the men wear white and with a red sash. As for women, they wear a huipil and a rebozo or cloak with colored ribbons. On their feet they wear sandals known as Huaraches.

Mixteca

The trquis They are a indigenous people who lives in this region. Women usually wear a huipil long red and make a braid. In the chest and back area, the huipil carries drawings. As for the men, they wear white breeches and bright shirts with buttons and pleats or saddlebags of colors.

Costa

The origin of Santiago Pinotepa Nacional's clothing is mestizo. This is formed by a wide and long colored skirt with white ribbons and a white shirt with embroidery. The typical decoration of the costumes is called chaquira.

In Santa Catarina Juquila, the woman's skirt is of some striking color and the blouse has embroidered flowers. The men wear shorts and a shirt or cotton blanket.

In Puerto Escondido, women wear a skirt and blouse with flowers, a rebozo rose, black shoes, and bracelets and necklaces made with sea ​​shells. Likewise, the gala dress is made up of a long white skirt with a sailfish, a species of fish typical of the area, on each side, and a blue blouse with two dolphins.

Top photo by victorfotomx.

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