Talking about the typical dishes of the world goes a long way and there are endless gastronomic possibilities in every corner of our planet. We can talk about oriental cuisine, the Mediterranean diet, Arab-Lebanese food and Hispanic cuisine, among other notable gastronomic regions. However, which is the healthiest? And the most demanded by tourists? We reveal this and much more below.
Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.
For color tastes, although in this case it would be better to speak of "food". When determining which ones with the best dishes in the world or the most important ones, one of the first data to analyze is which are the foods or ingredients that everyone or almost everyone typically likes.
Thus, various studies have shown that the ingredient that society in general likes the most are chips, due to its high percentage of carbohydrates and saturated fats. This study, carried out by the scientific journal Scientific Reports, concluded that French fries can increase the level of dopamine, that is, the pleasure hormone.
This is possibly the reason why the most exquisite dishes in the world include them as a garnish. Among them, the fried fish so common in Spanish cuisine or Hispanic gastronomy, hamburgers, in which French fries cannot be missing as a side, the milanesa with papas de la Argentine cuisine And a long etcetera.
Each country has a set of typical dishes and many of them can speak of a national dish that represents the gastronomy of that country, such as the Peruvian ceviche or the feijoada in the brazilian gastronomy. On the other hand, when it comes to tasting the cuisine of each country, tourists usually show a clear trend as they pass through each country, so we can say that the 10 typical international dishes preferred by tourists from all over the world are:
- Pasta (Italy)
- Roast beef and Yorkshire pudding (England)
- Valencian paella (Spain)
- Pad Tha (Thailand)
- Pekingese-style duck (China)
- Moussaka (Greece)
- Biryani (India)
- Dim sum (Hong Kong)
- Haggis, neeps and tatties (Scotland)
It is a generic classification that, obviously, adapts to the tastes of the general public, so you may try, for example, Scottish haggis and you do not like them at all or the other way around: for you it is the most exquisite dish in the world. world. There is no doubt that it is a matter of taste, but what is clear is that the oriental cuisine it is the one that triumphs the most in general terms.
The basic ingredients of Asian and Oriental cuisine are as follows: cashews, ginger, galangal or blue ginger, herb lemon grass, spring and red onion, lime, lime leaves, red onion, coriander, coconut palm sugar, chillies or peppers, soy sauce, coconut milk, sesame oil, oyster sauce, rice, rice noodles ...
Thanks to all these ingredients, it is possible today to taste dishes as typical of Chinese cuisine as dim sum, congee rice, siew yhok and Asian noodles or chow mein, among many other dishes. Of course, Japanese cuisine is booming worldwide and it stands out above all the consumption of fish in dishes like the famous sushi, as well as in maki, ramen or bento, among others.
Furthermore, the gastronomy of Mexico It is also in the ranking of the most important on the planet due to the wide range of ingredients and typical dishes that can be found in it, as well as the spiciest cuisine for obvious reasons. Possibly the Enchiladas, fajitas, burritos, quesadillas or tortilla chips are the best known dishes internationally, although the Mexican cuisine It includes an infinity of typical dishes and desserts worthy of tasting at least once in your life.
The kitchen or Mediterranean diet is the most common gastronomic trend among Mediterranean countries located in Europe, such as Spain, France, Italy, Portugal, Greece, Croatia, Cyprus ... The famous Andalusian gazpacho, the Quiche Lorraine typical of the French cuisine moussaka or the horiatiki salata From Greece, the Italian caprese salad or the traditional Moroccan hummus are very representative examples of Mediterranean cuisine.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the japanese diet It lengthens life, which is why the Japanese currently have the highest life expectancy index, with an average of 85,4 years of life for women and 78,3 for men. There are several experts who relate this longevity to the way they eat.
Among the essential ingredients of Japanese cuisine highlights the rice, especially the glutinous of medium or short grain. It should be taken into account that rice is the most important cereal in the human diet, since it contributes very effectively to the caloric intake of the current human diet. It is a staple throughout the world, especially in Asian cuisine.
Asians in general and Japanese in particular use a wide range of vegetables in almost all their dishes, including Chinese leek or nira, sweet potatoes, cucumber, bamboo shoots or takenoko, green onion or negi, daikon radish, green soybeans, mung beans, sansai ... the truth is that the list of vegetables and herbs consumed in Japan it is endless.
The Japanese ingest about 2.300 calories on average each day, within which fats account for only 25% of the total. Protein consumption is 15% or less, while carbohydrates from cereals, pasta and rice are very present in your daily meals, as recommended to follow a healthy lifestyle.
In second place in the ranking is the Mediterranean, where the consumption of fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts, bread and olive oil is the quality that most characterizes it. Several scientific studies have shown that the consumption of all these ingredients greatly reduces the risk of suffering from:
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Abdominal obesity
- Diabetes type 2
- Heart attack
- Cognitive impairment (dementia, Alzheimer's disease ...)
However, the main disadvantage of the Mediterranean diet is the presence of gluten, which is why in recent decades the number of cases in Europe of Celiac Disease, non-celiac gluten sensitivity and other disorders related to this set of proteins present mainly in rainfed cereals such as wheat, rye, barley and oats.
Third, the cuisine of the Eastern Mediterranean, especially that of the coasts of Lebanon and Syria, is one of the healthiest on the planet with its wide variety of ingredients. We talk about the arabic-lebanese food, very similar to the Mediterranean diet, although the main difference lies in the use of spices from India and Iran, which provide a characteristic flavor and aroma to each dish.
Fecha: 29 / 06 / 2016
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