The United States is a large country, which means that the weather and climate are not the same throughout the country. Therefore, in this article, we talk about the prevailing climate in each area of the country today and we give you information about the temperature in each state.
Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.
Types of weather
In the United States we find different types of climate. These are the most prominent:
In the lower areas of the southwestern United States, in cities like Las Vegas, Phoenix, Yuma and Palm Springs, we find a warm desert climate. In this area, it reaches 38ºC in summer, while winter is colder.
In northern Arizona, New Mexico, and central and northern Nevada and Utah, we find a climate semi desert. This translates into colder winters when it usually snows and a large temperature difference between day and night.
On the California coast the Mediterranean climate predominates. In summer temperatures range from 21 to 27 ºC and it is a dry season. In San Francisco, the warmest month is September.
On the contrary, winters are humid and temperatures are between 10 and 16ºC. In the inland river valleys where Bakersfield and Sacramento meet, winters are colder and summers are hotter.
On the Gulf Coast and the South Atlantic, the winters are quite mild and the summers hot and humid. In the Florida peninsula, where we find Miami, Jacksonville, Houston and New Orleans, among other towns, in summer the temperatures oscillate between 21 and 24 ºC.
In the interior of the southern area, where Nashville, San Antonio or Atlanta are located, the summer is the same and in the winter there are temperatures between 4 and 21 ºC.
We find a temperate climate in the southern Great Plains, the lower Midwest, and the central East Coast. Here the winters are cold and the summers hot and long. There are rains throughout the year, although in the west they are more frequent during the first months of summer.
For example, in Texas and Oklahoma rainfall predominates in May, while in Kansas it is more abundant in June. Similarly, the further west, the lower the temperature.
In the low Midwest temperatures vary rapidly and there are strong winds. Thunderstorms can occur in eastern Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas. Furthermore, in the southern Great Plains there are tornadoes. Therefore, this area is called Tornado alley o Alley of the Tornados. The area with the most activity of this type is central Oklahoma, where they abound in May.
In the northern Great Plains, the Great Lakes and New England there is a humid continental climate made up of four distinct seasons. In winter, temperatures vary between -18 and -11 ºC and in summer between -1 and 27 ºC.
In New England there is rainfall throughout the year, although in the case of Boston it is most abundant between November and December. As for the upper Midwest, temperatures change rapidly and the wind is strong.
In the northwest of Pacifico the climate is oceanic, so fall, winter and spring are wet and cool. Also, summers are dry.
Temperatures in Seattle and Portland range from 10 to 26ºC in summer and from -1 to 9ºC in winter. In these two areas there is snow in some winters, although it is not something regular.
On the western coast of Alaska we also find an oceanic climate, although in other parts of the state we find other types of climate such as the arctic and continental.
The tropical climate occurs in South Florida, where temperatures remain above the 18 ° C. There is a wet season, between May and October; and another dry, between November and April.
This type of climate also occurs in Hawaii, an archipelago located in the Pacific, especially between sea level and 137 meters above sea level, since the altitude is an important determining factor and the high areas are colder.
As we have commented previously, in each area of the United States we find a different climate, so the temperatures vary remarkably depending on the state in which we are.
In the following table you will find the average annual temperature in each state of the country reflected in both degrees Celsius and degrees Fahrenheit. In this way, you can get an idea of the general climate in each part:
|Town||Degrees centigrade (ºC)||Degrees Fahrenheit (ºF)|
|Dakota del Sur||7,3||45,2|
Taking into account this information, we observe that the coldest state is Alaska, with an annual average of -3 ºC, while the warmest is Florida, with an average of 21,5 ºC.
Questions from users
What cities in the United States have good weather?
There are many American cities with good weather. In California we find quite a few like Long Beach, Los Angeles or San Diego, but there are also in other states: Brownsville (Texas), Charleston (South Carolina), Indianapolis (Indiana), etc.
What factors modify the climate in the United States?
Among the different factors that modify the climate, both in the United States and in the rest of the world, we find latitude, altitude and distance to the sea.
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