It is important to know which vaccines are mandatory and recommended to go to China. Depending on the country of origin of the traveler, the requirements are different. In addition, it is advisable to know what diseases affect the country and how they can be avoided during our trip.
Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.
To travel to China, the only mandatory vaccination is that of the yellow fever, only for those people who come from a country where this disease is present. This requirement is not required to visit the Hong Kong and Macao regions.
Some of the territories that are required this measure are Colombia, Peru and Venezuela. In the case of Argentina, it is only mandatory if you are going to stay in China for more than six months.
First of all, the recommended vaccination for every traveler in any situation is the following:
- MMR (measles, rubella and mumps)
- Hepatitis A
Also, if you are going to visit a rural area, it is advisable to get vaccinated against Japanese encephalitis, which occurs to a greater extent in summer and autumn. Typhoid fever and rabies should also be taken into account, especially if you are going to be in contact with animals.
Vaccines to travel to China from Spain
While the routine vaccination offered in each country is usually free, the one recommended for trips abroad is usually paid.
In order to get any of these vaccines, you must go to an International Vaccination Center. In Spain, you can find it throughout the territory. In the case of Madrid, there are four, and ten in Barcelona.
You must make an appointment before going to the center, either online or by phone. You can consult the complete list of places and their data by clicking this link.
From other countries
If you travel to China from a country in Latin America, you can also find a vaccination center close to your population, although depending on the State we find more or less.
In Colombia there are many specialized hospitals. Some of them are in Bogotá and Bucaramanga, Santander. To know the rest, click this link.
As for Chile, in the city of Santiago there are several centers, such as the Hospital Clínico Universidad de Chile, the Clínica Santa María and the Vacunatorio Alta Tabancura.
In China we find several diseases that are transmitted by the bite of the mosquito. Among them are malaria, dengue (which is endemic), and Japanese encephalitis.
In addition, in some territories such as Yunnan and Hainan there is a risk of malaria, as well as filariasis in the south. As for the Zika virus, few cases have occurred in this country.
Therefore, to prevent these insects from infecting us with any ailment, it is important to wear clothing that covers a large part of the body and is not dark, in addition to using repellent.
Likewise, you should drink bottled water and consume food that is preserved in good condition. Otherwise, you can get cholera, typhoid fever, traveler's diarrhea, and hepatitis A or E.
Other infectious diseases are AIDS or Hepatitis B, so precautions should be taken in sexual intercourse and avoid getting a piercing or tattoo.
Also, although this territory is not the most affected, there is a strange ailment called Kawasaki disease It can be fatal to children. This is spread through the air, specifically through the one that comes from the cultivated fields of northeast China, in which we find certain toxins.
With regards to atmospheric pollutionIt is a big problem in China, especially in cities. This fact is causing the increase in respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases and lung cancer.
Therefore, it is advisable to avoid big cities. However, if you plan to visit large centers such as Beijing, it is advisable to bring a mask.
In general, it is important that you maintain good personal hygiene and wash your hands frequently, as this can prevent some types of diseases and viruses.
Health recommendations for Spaniards
There are some tips that the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation provides to travelers who are going to visit China. The first is to hire a health insurance, because health is not free in the country.
It must be taken into account that in hospitals they do not usually speak English. In addition, the highest quality are in the big cities. The conditions of the rest are quite variable.
If you need to take some type of medication, it is better to take it, as it can be difficult to acquire it there. To avoid problems at the airport, it must be transported in its original container and with the prescription.
Another important aspect is the pollution, which in some cities like Beijing is considerably higher than what is recommended by the WHO (World Health Organization). This mainly affects the elderly, children and people with respiratory problems.
Except for Hong Kong and Macau, tap water is unhealthy and should not be drunk. It should always be consumed bottled water to avoid any kind of disease.
Also, throughout the year there are some cases of avian flu, a disease that is spread by being in contact with sick birds. However, between people it is not contagious. The area where it occurs most is in Shanghai and the surroundings.
Fecha: 06 / 02 / 2017
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