If you are going to travel to the United States soon, it is important that you learn about the required and recommended vaccines to enter the country. Therefore, in this article we explain what is the required and recommended vaccination. In addition, we talk about other health requirements.
Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.
If you are going to travel to the United States as a tourist, no vaccination is required to enter the country. However, if you come from a country with risk of yellow feverIt is advisable to carry a certificate that justifies that you are vaccinated against this disease, since the authorities may request it.
On the other hand, people who want to obtain an immigrant visa must have certain vaccinations up to date. In order to obtain US residency, this vaccination is required:
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Influenza type b (Hib)
- Whooping cough
During the medical examination of immigrants, proof that these vaccines are available must be presented. If any of them are not indicated for that person, a medical report is necessary to justify it.
The Spanish Association of Vaccination (AEC) recommends Anyone that you are going to travel to the United States with a current tetanus-diphtheria and MMR (measles, rubella and mumps) vaccine.
Also, depending on the situation (health status, areas to be visited, etc.) it may also be convenient to get vaccinated against hepatitis B, influenza and pneumococcal disease.
Remember that to get vaccinated against diseases that are not covered by the regular health system, you have to go to an international vaccination center, for which, in general, you have to make an appointment.
In the case of Spain, there are numerous centers spread throughout the territory. For example in Madrid we find four different ones and, in Barcelona, ten. You can get everyone's information by clicking this link.
Children and babies should also have the vaccines that have been discussed up to date, as long as it is possible due to their age, since they have the same or even greater risk than adults of contracting a disease.
Other sanitary requirements
As we have indicated previously, immigrants who are to obtain residency in the United States must undergo a medical exam. This confirms that the person does not have tuberculosis, syphilis, gonorrhea or leprosy.
To do this, he undergoes a skin evaluation, a blood test and an X-ray radiography. Also, to prevent any dangerous disease from spreading through the country, in special areas such as ports, the authorities have stations quarantine.
On the other hand, tourists entering the country should know that, although the health system is of high quality, its costs are quite high. Therefore, it is important to take out health insurance.
Also, if you plan to bring any medication, it must be in its original box, accompanied by a prescription in English and the doctor's instructions.
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