In El Salvador we find a total of 23 volcanoes. This is due to its location in the Pacific Ring of Fire, where the Cocos tectonic plate sinks below that of the Caribbean. In this article, we show you the 10 most important and famous volcanoes in the country, ordered from least to greatest relevance. What is the most important volcano in El Salvador?
10. Guazapa Hill
The Guazapa hill measures 1.438 m. It is quite a volcano old, so its craters are destroyed. Also, there is no record of its activity throughout history. It was an important setting during El Salvador's civil war, between 1979 and 1992.
9. Conchagua Volcano
The Conchagua volcano is formed by two hills: the Ocotal or Santiago, 1.225 m high, and the Banderas or Cristóbal, 1.156 m high. It is the only volcano in El Salvador that is located on the coast. Therefore, his nickname is the Gulf Guardian.
8. Chaparrastique Volcano
This volcano is also known as San Miguel. It is 2.139 m high and its central crater, a diameter of 900 m. Its last eruption was in 2013, which we can witness in this video:
7. Tecapa Volcano
This volcano is located in the Chinameca mountain range and has an altitude of 1.603 m. In its crater we find a lake known as the Alegria lagoon, whose water is greenish due to the presence of sulfur. Its name is due to the fact that the nearest town is called the same.
6. Ilopango volcano
Today, the Ilopango volcano is a 72 km² lake with a depth of 230 m. The last eruption was in 1880, although it is feared that one will be experienced again in the future, making it a quite dangerous volcano. It is located 16 km from San Salvador.
5. Usulután Volcano
The Usulután volcano has two different peaks, although no crater can be seen at present. It has a height of 1.449 m. It is located in the department of Usulután.
4. San Salvador volcano
The San Salvador or Quezaltepeque volcano has a height of 1950 m. Its crater is called the anchovy and is 1.600 m in diameter and 543 m deep. Its last eruption was in 1917, making it a active volcano Resting.
3. Izalco Volcano
The Izalco volcano is located 15 km from Sonsonate and is one of the youngest in the world, since it originated in 1770. Since then, it had constant eruptions until 1957, when its activity was interrupted. its last eruption It was in 1966, making it an active-type volcano at rest. It has an altitude of 1.950 m.
This volcano is called the Pacific Lighthouse, because their eruptions could be seen from the ocean.
2. Chinchontepec Volcano
The Chinchontepec or San Vicente volcano has two peaks, one of 2.105 m and the other of 2.181 m. At its base we can see hot springs and fumaroles known as little hell. It is the second highest volcano in the country.
1. Ilamatepec volcano
This volcano, also called Santa Ana, is located in the department of Santa Ana. It is located at 2.356 meters above sea level, which makes it the highest in El Salvador. At its summit there are four craters within another 289 meters deep. It is the most important volcano in the country.
The last eruption that could be observed was in 2005, when, because it could be dangerous for the inhabitants, the San Blas area had to be evacuated. In this video you will be able to listen to the testimony of the people present at that moment:
Since then, this volcano has been under surveillance in order to predict a future eruption and avoid great damage to the surrounding populations.
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