India is a country with a varied culture that encompasses different and interesting traditions, religions and languages. In this article, we inform you about the predominant languages ​​and dialects in the country, and we give you some curious information about them.

Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.

Article Index

What language is spoken in India?

Official languages

In India we find two official languages: Hindi and English. According to the 1950 Constitution, English should have ceased to be English in 1965. However, it continues to have great importance today.



Hindi is an Indo-European language, the fifth most widely spoken in the world. It is notably related to Urdu, the official language of Pakistan. Hindi is mostly spoken in northern, central and western India.

However, English and Hindi are not the only languages ​​that we can find in this country. Furthermore, they are not even the first language for the majority of the population, which exceeds 1.000 billion people.

Languages ​​and dialects

In India we find more than 1.600 languages ​​and dialects. Of these, 122 are considered main, as they are used by more than 10.000 people. Most are of the Indo-European or Dravidian family (originating in southwestern Iran).

In addition to Hindi and English, we find 22 languages ​​that are recognized by law:

  • A: Assamese
  • B: Bengali, Bodo
  • C: Cashmere, Kannada
  • D: dogri
  • G: Gujarati
  • H: hindi
  • K: konkani
  • M: maithili, malabar, manipuri, marathi
  • N: Nepalese
  • O: oriya
  • P: Eastern Punjabi
  • S: Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi
  • T: támil, telugu
  • U: urdu

Likewise, several languages ​​are distinguished as classical: Támil, Sanskrit, Kannada, Telugu, Malabar and Oriya.



Among all the existing ones, these are the five predominant languages ​​in India, because, although they are not the mother tongue for all, they are spoken by a high percentage of inhabitants:

LanguageTotal SpeakersPercentage
Hindi551.416.51853,60%
English125.344.73612,18%
Bengali91.115.0798,86%
telugu84.992.5018,26%
Marathon84.184.8068,18%

Tourism in India

Depending on the area of ​​India you are traveling to, you will hear different languages ​​and dialects. However, in most tourist areas you can communicate in English. These are the languages ​​used in some of the most prominent cities:

Agra
Hindi, Urgu, Punjabi, English
Bangalore
English, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu
Bombay
Marathi, Gujarati, Urdu, English, Hindi
Calcutta
Bengali, Hindi, Urdu, English, Oriya, Bhojpuri
Hyderabad
Telugu, Urdu, English
New Delhi
Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu, English

It is not common for them to talk español. However, it is a language on the rise and one that is beginning to become fashionable. For several years, in New Delhi there is the Instituto Cervantes, which teaches Spanish to all interested.

As for Portuguese, it is spoken, although in a low percentage, in the area that was formerly a Portuguese colony, where we find cities such as Goa, Damán and Diu.

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