The flowers have bright colors, unique shapes and attractive scents to promote pollination. Each flower is original from a different region of the planet and many of them are used as gifts or as a decorative element for houses, special events or public gardens.
Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.
Bird from paradise
The flower known as Bird from paradise is South African origin, because it requires tropical and subtropical environments to grow.
His scientific name is Strelitzia reginae and it was established in honor of Queen Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744-1818), who was the wife of King George III of England and fond of phytology or botany.
Each stem of this plant supports about six flowers. It blooms in spring and requires many hours of sun with an average temperature of 25 ° C for proper development.
Calendula, whose scientific name is Calendula officinalis L., is also commonly known as maravilla, belongs to the Asteraceae family and is cultivated in the Mediterranean coast and in Anatolia (Asian part of Turkey), since it needs temperate climates and sandy, limestone or clay soils.
It is one of the most decorative and striking flowers in the world and can be found in a large number of gardens, parks, avenues, etc. It is also often used to make bouquets of flowers.
It stands out because its leaves close when it is going to rain, which is why many people use it as weather indicator. Although the flower is small (5-7 cm in diameter), the stem can reach a length of between 40 and 70 cm. It is characterized by being a flower resistant to both frost and droughts.
Bluebells are also known by other names such as morning glory, Don Diego by day, purple bell, mary's mantle o bankrupt-plates.
However, its scientific name is Convolvulus. They are considered a cosmopolitan species in the sense that they can be cultivated in almost any part of the world, since they resist temperatures down to -15 ° C, although the ideal is the Continental weather of some of the countries of the northern hemisphere of the planet.
They can be found in massifs, borders, undergrowth, meadows, etc. and they are easy to grow, which is why many people grow them in their own home or garden.
The carnation, whose scientific name is Dianthus caryophyllusIt is one of the most admired plants in the world, as well as one of the most gifted for its beauty and the variety of colors in which it can be found.
It is originally from the arctic region of North America y South Africa, although today it is also cultivated in Europe and Asia. There are five types of carnation: common carnation, poet's carnation, Chinese carnation, crowned carnation and rock carnation.
The Chinese carnation is especially admired by gardening enthusiasts around the world, as it has a wide palette of colors. In Spain, it is the flower par excellence of the Balearic Islands and Cádiz (Andalusia) is the city where the highest level of carnation production exists.
The white carnation variety is also used for preparation of infusions as a prescription for the relief of digestive disorders or for the regulation of blood pressure.
Although it is popularly known by the name bleeding heart flower, few recognize it under its scientific name: Dicentra. It is enough to stop and observe the shape of this flower to realize what is the meaning of its common name, since its appearance is very reminiscent of a heart that is open at the bottom and dripping. Other popular names are: Virgin's heart, Maria's heart o heart flowers.
It can be found in the Asian continent, especially in Siberia y Japan, in areas where a temperate climate prevails with a certain level of humidity. They do not need too many hours of sun, so ideally they should be located in a semi-shady area.
The plant as a whole (including the stem) can reach 70 cm in height, blooms in spring and lasts until late summer or even fall if temperatures don't drop too low. Although the most famous variety is the one that produces pink or reddish flowers, there is another very popular type called Alba, whose color is totally white.
The chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum) is an original herbaceous species of Asia, especially of China, And the Northeast Europe considered as a seasonal plant, since when its flowering season passes, its flowers wither and die as a general rule.
It is a flower that needs a lot of light to open and that, at the same time, needs to be in cool and ventilated environments if it is used at home. Thus, the chrysanthemum should be grown in climates where temperatures range from 16 ° C to 18 ° C on average and there is a certain level of humidity. This plant was originally cultivated in China (around 1500 BC) and was later introduced in Japan and later in Europe.
The dahlia o Dahlia It belongs to the Asteraceae family and it is estimated that there are up to 30 different species and a total of 20.000 varieties, each with a characteristic color and appearance, so that it is the flower with the largest number of varieties in the world.
It is considered as the national flower of Mexico. Dahlia seeds are estimated to have been introduced to the Yucatán Peninsula in the early XNUMXth century and have been cultivated since then in the temperate forests of southern and central Mexico, especially in the Federal District, Puebla, and the State of Mexico.
Since the end of the XNUMXth century, it has been commercialized in Europe after being discovered by the Spanish botanist Francisco Hernández de Toledo.
The lotus flower, whose scientific name is Nelumbo nucifera, is also known as sacred lotus, indian lotus o nile rose. It is distinguished from most popular flowers around the world by being a aquatic plant, since its leaves are floating.
Each leaf can measure between 25 and 100 cm in diameter, while the flower itself is 16-23 cm in diameter. In a natural way, the lotus flower is distributed in the Volga delta (southern Russia), Azerbaijan, Iran, East Siberia, China, Pakistan, Nepal, India, Bhutan, Japan, Thailand, Korea, Burma, Indonesia, Australia and the Philippines, among others.
You can find bright pink, pale pink or completely white flowers. Its boiled roots are used in Chinese gastronomy and Asian cuisine in general as an ingredient in many dishes or they can be taken as a fruit, in which case it is called hammer.
En Asia, is considered a symbol of purity, as well as a sacred plant in India (where it is known by the name of padma) and in China. In the old Egypt it was also a symbolic flower, representing values such as the resurrection, a belief that was derived from the fact that it emerges from the bottom of the waters.
The scientific name of the plant popularly known as freesia es freesia dawn in honor of the German botanist Friedrich Heinrich Theodor Freese (1795-1876) and belongs to the family Iridaceae. It can be found in the Cape province (South Africa) and there are up to 15 native species.
It is a plant that blooms in spring and remains at rest during the summer, which is why it is considered a warm climate plant and does not withstand frost. It has a characteristic aroma that is often used to make perfumes and as an interior freshener. Freesia flowers can be white, purple, or red.
The sunflowers (Helianthus annuus) are native to America, especially North America, where the indigenous communities They considered it and continue to consider it as a sacred plant, due to its main characteristic: they rotate throughout the day so that they are always oriented towards the Sun.
As for their height, they can reach up to 6 meters, although they usually measure 2 to 3 m. Its color is yellow, sometimes orange, and in the center is where the seeds are generated, which are edible and are taken as an aperitif like pipes or are also used for the production of sunflower oil, since they have heart-healthy properties and they are a source of vitamin E.
Hydrangeas belong to the genus Hydrangea and they are considered as ornamental plants or garden plants, since they are widely marketed for decorative purposes, either to be placed in public spaces or for domestic use.
It is native to China, Japan, Korea, Indonesia, and the Himalayas, although it is also cultivated in some areas of America.
They grow well in bushes 1-3 meters high or in lianas that climb the trees until they reach 30 m. Although they are evergreen, the variety that is most cultivated is the deciduous, which requires temperate climates.
Hydrangeas bloom in early spring and last until late fall, always depending on temperatures.
The scientific name for lavender is Lavandula and it is an aromatic flower that belongs to the Lamiaceae family. The flowers of this plant are rather violet spikes and are used for decorative purposes and for the production of essences, perfumes and flavorings.
It is cultivated in the archipelagos of the North Atlantic and the Mediterranean basin, as well as in South Asia, India and the Arabian Peninsula. Lavender grows in sunny dry land even if there is stone, as well as calcareous soils. Although it can withstand temperatures down to -15 ° C, it is a plant that thrives best in hot climates.
El Lilium it is commonly known as lily o lily and belongs to the lily family. Grows in almost all of Europeas well as in Japan, the southern Nilgiri Mountains (India), and the southern Philippines.
It can also be found in Canada and the US, although to a lesser extent. Their ideal habitat is mountainous forests and also grasslands, but they are able to survive even in swamps.
They can be found in pure white, red or orange and have a very mild characteristic odor. They withstand freezing temperatures, as lilies prefer cold climates for ideal growth.
The scientific name for daisies is Bellis perennis and, commonly, it is also known as chiribita, pasqueta o little fleece. It is considered a plant that grows in wild environments and is usually cultivated in gardens or lawns.
Currently, it can be found anywhere in the world, but it is native to Europe, North Africa and Central Asia. Its petals are characterized by having a thin and elongated shape, and are found around a central yellow or golden bud.
In some countries, the daisy is the symbol of innocence, uprightness, trust or simplicity, due to its simple but pleasant shape and colors. They are also used to make infusions, since it has soothing, digestive and astringent properties in a similar way to Chamomile.
Daffodils are original to the Mediterranean basin and Europe in general. In Central Asia and China they can also be found in some areas. Its scientific name is Narcissus and its flowering takes place in spring, although some species of narcissus bloom in autumn.
The name of this flower comes from Narcissus, the young man in Greek mythology who was distinguished by his unique beauty, as it happens in an analogous way with these flowers. The daffodil needs a warm or temperate climate to grow, although it is a semi-cold resistant plant.
Orchid flowers are characterized by the diversity of colors, sizes and shapes in which they can be found. Its scientific name is Orchidaceae. It is a flower that, to this day, is distributed around the world, except in those areas where there are extreme climates, whether desert or polar.
They can grow on trees or stones, and there are some species considered aquatic. In Australia some varieties have also been found that grow underground. As with dahlias, the orchid family is one of the largest in the world, since there are More than 25.000 species different
Peonies can be found in much of Europe, especially in Greece and Portugal, in China and North America. They receive the scientific name of Paeoniaceae and they are the only genus within their family, although, however, up to 40 species are included within it.
Peonies are perennial plants from which fragrant flowers bloom in which there may be between 5 and 10 petals, depending on the size they reach.
The most common species is the china peony, which can be found in a wide range of colors, from white, yellow or red, to pink or orange. Like chrysanthemums, they are seasonal plants, as they disappear in winter and bloom in spring.
The rose is the flower that grows from a thorny shrub belonging to the Rosaceae family called rosebush. Rose bushes are native to Asia, although they are currently cultivated in Europe, North America and Africa.
The beauty of roses is admired all over the world, due to the uniqueness of its shape and the arrangement of its petals, as well as its unmistakable aroma, used in a wide range of perfumes, air fresheners and essences.
There are pink, white, yellow, etc., although without a doubt the most popular variant is the red rose, a symbol of love and romanticism in most cultures. Possibly, the rose is the most gifted flower in the world.
The tulip belongs to the Liliaceae family, like the lilies or lilies. It is a bulbous perennial plant whose scientific name is tulip and encompasses around 150 species total.
It is found in the Pamir (Asia) and Hindu Kush mountains (located between Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan), as well as the Middle East, Iran, and Afghanistan.
Tulips can also be found in Northwest China, North Africa, Southern Europe, and Asia Minor. They grow in warm places, with temperatures between 13-18 ° C and do not support very dry environments or strong air currents.
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