Canada is one of the largest countries in the world and, therefore, its climate is different in each part of the territory. In this article, we give you weather information about Canada and we talk about the temperatures in the most prominent cities.

Below you have an index with all the points that we are going to deal with in this article.

Article Index

The climate of Canada: information and temperatures

Features

Although the predominant climate in Canada is the humid continental, the weather varies remarkably depending on the area in which we are.



North

The northern region of Canada comprises the Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut. Due to its location and characteristics, this area is also known as the Canadian Arctic.

In most of the territory, the climate is sub-arctic. However, in the archipelago part we find a tundra climate. In the northernmost area, temperatures drop to -50ºC and there is snow for much of the year except in summer (in the Arctic Cordillera it remains all year long).

The tundra climate occurs in areas near the poles. The land in these parts is covered with ice and snow, which in summer usually thaws and turns into swamps.

West

Western Canada is made up of Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan. On the coast of British Columbia, the climate is moderate oceanic, so the winters are humid and mild, and the summers quite dry. In the mountainous interior, winter is colder and summer warmer.

In Alberta we find the dry continental climate, with hot and humid summers, and cold winters. In some areas the so-called chinook wind, a warm air that temporarily raises temperatures in winter.

In Saskatchewan and Manitoba the climate is continental, so the weather is more extreme. In winter temperatures can drop to -40ºC, while in summer it can reach 35ºC.

City Center

In Central Canada we find Ontario and Quebec, with a mostly humid continental climate. In Ontario, around the Great Lakes, fall has moderate temperatures, while summers are humid and hot, and winters are cold.

Summers are colder in the northeast of this province. Also, London is the city where the highest number of lightning strikes per year. In Ontario the formation of tornadoes.

In central Quebec, the climate is sub-arctic, with long, very cold winters and hot but short summers. In the north, we find an arctic climate, with cool and short summers.

Atlantic

In the Atlantic region of Canada we find New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland and Labrador. Due to the air coming from the sea, temperatures are generally more moderate.



In summer temperatures are around 25ºC, -2ºC in winter. On the coast, winter is more humid. Near the Bay of Fundy, the Atlantic coast of Nova Scotia and the island of Newfoundland, rain and fog are frequent in summer.

Temperature

During winter, in much of Canada temperatures are extremely low. In this table, you can see the average temperatures in the main cities during the month colder, which is January in all cities, except for St. Johns, which is February.

CityLow medium (ºC)Medium high (ºC)
Calgary-15,1-2,8
Charlottetown-12,6-3,3
Edmonton-19,1-8,0
Fredericton-15,5-4,0
Halifax-10,7-1.2
Montreal-14,7-5,7
Ottawa-15,3-6,1
Quebec-17,6-7,9
Regina-21,6-10,7
St. John's-9,3-1,5
Toronto-10,5-2,1
Vancouver0,56,1
Victoria0,76,9
Whitehorse-22,0-13,3
Winnipeg-22,8-12,7
Yellowknife-30,9-22,7

On the other hand, these are the average temperatures during the warmest month, which is July, with the exception of Vancouver and Victoria, where it is August:

CityLow medium (ºC)Medium high (ºC)
Calgary9,422,9
Charlottetown13,823,2
Edmonton9,522,2
Fredericton13,025,6
Halifax13,523,6
Montreal15,626,2
Ottawa15,426,5
Quebec13,425,0
Regina11,825,7
St. John's10,520,3
Toronto14,826,8
Vancouver13,421,9
Victoria10,822,0
Whitehorse7,720,5
Winnipeg13,325,8
Yellowknife12,421,1

Questions from users

What is the best time to visit Canada?

This depends on the main purpose of our trip. If you want to practice sports in the snow, it is advisable to go in winter, while the best season to enjoy nature is summer.

What is the best climate in Canada?

Two of the cities where the climate is better are Victoria and Vancouver, because in them the summers are not as cold as in most of the country.

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